Altai Tavan Bogd (National Park)
The western part of Mongol Altai mountain range extends from north to south, continues over 900 km from the western part of Mongolia to throughout Govi-Altai province. There are Khoton, Khurgan, Dayan, Khovd, Khar Salaa, Tsagaan Salaa, Songinot, Yolt river basins which is surrounded by high mountains of Mongol Altai mountain range. Entirely uplifted mountains are limited by erosion, valley deposition and inter-mountain depressions. Khoton, Khurgan, Dayan are large lakes originated from ice and 250 small lakes locate there. 96% of Mongolia’s glaciers are located in Mongol Altai Mountain Range. The largest glacier in Mongolia, the Potanin glacier, lies 20 km from the root of the Tsagaan River, with a total area of 24 sq. Km. The lowest point of the Mongol Altai mountain range is Khurgan Lake in 1800 meters. Mountain brown soil and meadows are dominated with rocks. The five highest peak of the Altai Mountains, the Khuiten peak of 4374 meters, the Nairamdal peak 4082 meters, the Malchin peak of 4037 meters, the Eagle mountain of 4068 meters, the Olgii peak of 4050 meters.
Paintings, stamps and letters are common on rocks. These are the historical and cultural heritage of 2500-3000 years. The Altai mountain deer statue is distinguished from the deer statue of the Khangai Mountains, which reflects horse rather than a deer. There is also a sword, a large sun and a small moon is carved on the front of the statue, and sometimes an arrow shooting a sun. There are many graves and tombs which relates to ancient time and Hunnu, Turkic, Uyghur, Mongol Empire in this national part. However, exact time or period is unclear. There are more than 30 stone tombs in Mogoit and Onkhot valley. There are 2 very interesting stone tombs in the Khoton nuur. There are grave tombs in the vicinity of Shar Bulag, Yoltiin Kharbain Salaaa, Chikhertei, Jalanash and Songinot. As a home to the Kazak and Tuva ethnic groups, it is possible to enrich the travel program to introduce their lives, customs and lifestyle. We have been developing mountain trekking tours in the region and Mongolian climbers first climbed to Khuiten peak in 1956.
The beautiful nature of high mountain cliffs, glaciers, mountain meadows and steppe ecosystem is the location area of mammals such as argali, ibex and fallow deer along with birds such as snow cock, vulture, and bearded vulture. It is especially suitable for the development of mountain sports and natural tourism. 636161 hectares of area was protected by state special protection according to the State Ikh Khural Resolution No 43 in 1996. The Mongol Altai Mountain Range Administration is located in Altai city of Bayan-Ulgii aimag and is responsible for the protection of the Altai Tavan Bogd National Park, Siilkhem’s National park, Devel island natural reserve area. There are 1200 species of plants in this region, of which 131 species are woody and shrubs and 889 species are herbaceous plants. A small part of Mongol Altai Mountains have a disperse larch forest. There are a leopards, otters, Altai argali, ibex, and red deer which has been recorded in the Red Book. Water birds gather in large quantity to the lakes and ponds. In mountain and forest areaa, there are carnivorous birds such as Bearded Vulture, (Ёл) Eagle, Buzzard, Falcon and very rare birds altain khoilog, ogoolei shulganaa, bortsgor khoton, gangar swan, black stork, gull, and field goose. Three species of fishes such as Mongolian grayling, Altain osman, and bigmouth osman is common in rivers. According to President Elbegdorj’s decree, the Altai Bogd mountain became a sacred mountain August 24, 2012 .